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Nylon Materials (Nylon Engineering Plastics Material)

Nylon Materials– Properties of nylon 66 is a tough, rigid engineering material with excellent bearing and wear characteristics. Nylon is commonly used to replace metal bearing material and nylon bushings, removing the requirement for external lubrication in the process.

Polyamide Enginering Parts uses and advantages include reduced component weight, reduced operation noise, and reduced mating part wear.

Nylon 66 properties and uses of a thermoplastic linear Polyamide Enginering Parts. The Polyamide material is manufactured synthetically. Nylon is utilised in a wide range of applications, including clothes, rubber reinforcement in automobile tyres, rope and thread, and numerous injection moulded parts for cars and mechanical equipment.

It’s extremely durable, abrasion-resistant, and moisture-absorbent, as well as long-lasting, chemical-resistant, elastic, and easy to clean.

NYLON IS WIDELY USED FOR:

  • Bearings and bushings
  • Gears
  • Wear pads
  • Packaging machinery parts
  • Food processing machinery parts
  • Wheels
  • Rollers
  • Seals and gaskets

PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Excellent bearing and wear properties
  • Strong and stiff
  • Good chemical resistance
  • Easy to machine
  • Easy to fabricate
  • Reduced noise, weight, and wear of mating parts

COMMON BRANDS:

  • SUSTAMID®
  • TECAMID®
  • NYCAST®

STANDARD SIZES

SHEET Dimensions:
12 in x 12 in – 48 in x 120 in
Thickness:
0.031 in – 4 inNote: Type 6-Cast and Type 6/6-Extruded Sizes Vary
ROD Outside Diameter:
0.187 in – 13 in

TUBE
Outside Diameter:
2 in – 5 in

OPTIONS AVAILABLE


COLOR
Sheet and Rod:
Natural, Green, BlackTube:
Natural, Black

GRADES
Unfilled, Glass-Filled, Oil-Filled, MOS2

Length, width, thickness, and diameter tolerances vary by size, by manufacturer, brand, and grade. Custom sizes and colors available upon request. Tube is also available in standard outer diameter sizes from 5 in – 40 in, complete our Get a Quote form for more information.

Nylon Properties and Material Options
Nylons are typically described according to numbers (6, 66, 11, 12, etc.) which relate to their molecular structures. Although there are many types of Nylon, the two most common available in sheet, rod, and tube are Nylon 6 and Nylon 6/6.

Nylon 6 and Nylon 6/6– have very similar mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties. Both are available in a variety of colors and formulations that are engineered to meet specific application requirements. For Nylon 6 chemical resistance view our chart.

Nylon 6– is generally manufactured into sheet, rod, and tube via a liquid casting process. Casting is often the most cost effective method for producing large diameter rod, tube, and thick sheet. This process has the added advantage of allowing manufacturers to create custom near net (irregular) shapes. Near net shapes are useful in the construction of parts that would yield poorly from standard sheet, rod, or tube stock.

Nylon 6/6– sheet, rod, and tube are usually produced by melting solid pellets of the polymer and processing them through a thermoplastic extruder. Extrusion is a fast and economical method for making small diameter rod, tube, and thin sheet. Unlike cast Nylon 6 stock shapes, extruded Nylon 6/6 sheet, rod, and tubing can be manufactured to any length, which can be an advantage for cost effectively yielding finished parts.

Nylon Grades– Nylon is available in a variety of specialty formulas. Molybdenum disulphide-filled (MOS2) and oil-filled nylons have enhanced wear properties often eliminating the need for external lubrication. Heat stabilized nylon withstands higher operating temperatures and for enhanced strength and stiffness, nylon is available in glass-filled grades. FDA compliant grades of nylon are available for direct food contact.

Nylon with Metal Core– Nylon billets can be manufactured into many different components including gears, rollers, sprockets and augers. In power transmission applications, NYMETAL® billets combine the performance advantages of nylon and metal into one cohesive unit.

Tech Tip– Nylon has relatively high moisture absorption compared with many other thermoplastics. Nylon parts that must perform in wet environments should be designed with tolerances that factor in dimensional changes due to moisture absorption.

TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF HDPE

UNITS ASTM TEST EXTRUDEDNYLON 6/6 CAST NYLON 6 MD-FILLED CAST NYLON 6 OIL-FILLED CAST NYLON 6
Tensile strength psi D638 12,400 10,000 – 13,500 10,000 – 14,000 9,500 – 11,000
Flexural modulus psi D790 410,000 420,000 – 500,000 400,000 – 500,000 375,000 – 475,000
Izod impact (notched) ft-lbs/in of notch D256 1.2 0.7 – 0.9 1.4 – 1.8
Heat deflection temperature @ 264 psi °F D648 194 200 – 400 200 – 470 200 – 400
Maximum continuous service temperature in air °F 210 230 230
Water absorption (immersion 24 hours) % D570 1.20 0.60 – 1.20 0.05 – 1.40 0.50 – 0.60
Coefficient of linear thermal expansion in/in/°Fx10-5 D696 4.5 5.0 5.0
Coefficient of linear friction (dynamic) 0.28 0.22 0.30 0.12

Please ask your Petron Thermoplast representative for more specific information about an individual brand.

Explore the physical, mechanical, thermal, electrical, and optical properties of nylon.
Sort, compare, and find the plastic material suited for your application using our interactive properties table.

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